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A History of McCrohan(James McCrohan of Texas, U.S.A.)


  
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A History of McCrohan
The Name

Originally the O’Sullivans were settled around Knockrafann in Tipperary but the Norman Invasion drove them farther and in 1192 they moved west and occupied the Counties of Cork and Kerry. At this point they divided into two branches – one branch of the family settled in County Cork and made their home near Castletown. They were known afterwards as O’Sullivan Beare...



The other branch settled in Kerry and made their home near the town of Kenmare. The family seat was Dunlderron Castle. They were known as O’Sullivan Mor. One branch of the O’Sullivan Mor settled at the base of a mountain, later changed their name to McGillicuddy – hence the name McGillicuddy Reeks.

The next offshoot from O’Sullivan Mor, according to Butler in his book – ‘Gleanings from Irish History’ published in 1925 – was starteed by a son whose name was MacCarious. The later became anglicised to MacGrath, MacCraith, MacCreehan and MacCrohon which eventually the name MacCrohan was derived.

The original castle of the MacCrohan’s was located at Leiter, a small area near Cahirciveen in County Kerry, and their lands ran all along the south shore of Valencia Harbour, from Cahirciveen to Reencarragh Point. They also possessed a small district in Magunihy, the only portion of their territory north of the River xxxne.

The following account of the above branch is taken from Milltown local history:

"About 1000 A.D. a small peaceful clan acquired land in Kilcolman, Miltown, through purchase. They were the MacCrohans from Rignard near Valencia." The land acquired was then heavy, wet, rush-covered territory, but it suited their needs for they were flax growers and linen manufacturers. There are stepping stones across a little stream just below the modern village of Milltown. This crossing was known to the MacCrohans as ath Solais, meaning the Ford of Clear Water. In that stream the MacCrohans steeped their flax. Round about Ath Solais they had buildings where carding, spinning, weaving and dyeing of linen were carried on. They made fine linen which they exported to Spain in their own ships in Valencia. They grew woad and madder locally which produced red and blue dyes for their cloths. It is pleasing to learn that some of this linen graced Continental Alters and was valued highly by the senoritas in Spain. The weaving sheds of the MacCrohans at Ath Solais were to grow and develop and so give the future township of Milltown a location, a purpose and a name. The Cromwellian confiscations (1650) swept the McCrohans into poverty and obscurity. But some of them escaped to Spain and founded McCrohan families there. Thirty families of that name, high in commercial positions, existed in Spain twenty years ago."

In 1769 John McCrohan of Ballinahoun, Administrator for Daniel and Owen McCrohan, deceased, sold lands at Caheraturragh, Murhur and Lisnalour in Iveragh for 220 pounds and went to Bern, North Carolina, USA. His lands were bought by Rowland Blennerhassett and a copy of the Deed of Sale is in possession of his great, great granddaughter, Mrs. Dorothy Newman, in New York.

Extracts from Irish documents:

1. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. Books of Survey and Distribution.

Denominations: Owner in 1611 Acres Granted to:

Leiter McCrohan 291 Dublin Trinity College

Renard McCrohan 361 Dublin Trinity College

Kilcolman North McCrohan 552 Dublin Trinity College

Kilcolman South McCrohan 667 Dublin Trinity College

Note: Kilcolman near Milltown not adjacent to Leiter or Renard.

  1. Journal, Royal Society of Antiquaries, Vol. XXXVI, page 365
  2. The McCrohans had a castle at Leiter near Cahirciveen; their lands were in the south side of Valencia Harbour from Cahirciveen to Reencarragh. They are now (1906) a great flourishing family in Spain where so many of old Kerry Aristocracy found refuge in bygone days.

    Identification of Places:

    Leiter 683 acres Barony of Iveragh, Parish of Cahirciveen

    Carhan 750 acres Barony of Iveragh, Parish of Cahirciveen

    Ferriters Quarter 498 acres Barony of Corkaguiny, Dunquin Parrish

    (Joseph McCrohan, 1763)

  3. O’Hart "CROMWELLIAN SETTLEMENTS" says:
  4. Settlement commenced in 1657, the following losing their lands:

    McCrohan of Leiter land given to Egar

    John McCrohan of Rinnard land given to Egar

    Teig McCrohan of Leiter land given to Egar

    John McCrohan raised 40 Companies of men in 1641 for the wars. He went to Beginish in the year 1654.

  5. In 1754 Daniel McCrohan was O’Donnell’s (Derrynane) Agent in wine and brandy business between Ireland and France. He wrote about Connell O’Connell at Caen near Havre. Daniel lived in Nantes.
  6. In 1776 Andrew and Owen McCrohan were at Port Magee.
  7. Joseph McCrohan was Minister of Marine in Spain in 1860, and Manual McCrohan, son of Joseph, was Rear Admiral at the end of the 19th Century. He had a fine Naval Record and was awarded the "grand Cross of Elizabeth the Catholic".
  8. List of forfeiting Catholic Proprietors, (followers of James II) outlawed by William III (Trinity College, Dublin)
  9. Captain Donough McCrohan of Gurranebawn 29th August 1699

    Crohan McCrohan of Leiter 1st September 1699

  10. Extracts from Cork Newspapers, compiled by the late Basil M. O’Connell (O’Connells interm. with McCrohans.)
  11. Cork Evening Post: 13 Jan 1763

    Land of Ferriters Quarter at Dunquin Parish, County Kerry, lately advertised:

    "Joseph McCrohan…..I and others have a judgement on the said lands and a considerable portion of the said lands are the estate of myself and Mrs. O’Donoghu. (signed) Edward O’Donoghue."

    Cork Evening Post: 14 Oct 1837

    D.: Miss McCrohan of Hillgrove (Carhan, Cahirciveen)

  12. "History of Kerry" by Jeremiah King, London 1908, page 222.

McCrohan families in Kerry:

    1. John of Killahane
    2. James of Killorglin
    3. Mary of Roxborough
    4. Eugene of Curraghmore
    5. Eugene of Farramanagh
    6. James of Banry’s Lane
    7. Patrick of Knocknahaska
    8. Patrick of Ballymaquin
    9. John of Banna
    10. Mary of Laharn
    11. John of Kilmakeadar
    12. John of Ballybrack
    13. Thomas of the Blaskets
    14. John of Coumenole
    15. James of Main Street., Dingle
    16. Jeremiah of Gurrahodoo
    17. Patrick of Gowlanes
    18. Paul of Gortnagree
    19. Denis of Beginish
    20. James of Renard
    21. Timothy of Renard
    22. Bridget of Renard
    23. Ellen of Fair Green
    24. Michael of Killirly (Killurly)
    25. Michael of Reenacoola

(many thanks to Steve McCrohon who forwarded this document to us..)
 

First Compiled October 1983,

Most of the research in this document was performed by Anna Fulham (nee Foley) daughter of Catherine McCrohan

Anna's research was given to Steve by:

 

Mrs. Mae McCrohan
McCrohan’s Farmhouse
Renard South
Cahirciveen, County Kerry
Ireland

Australian Supplement supplied by:
Steve McCrohon

43 Coolibah Street,
Castle Hill, NSW, 2154
Australia
Smccroho@csc.com.au

 



Note: (Research by Anna Fulham/Foley, contributed by Steve McCrohon)
Posted on Monday, 09 October 2000 @ 20:43:50 EDT by Admin

 
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Re: A History: supplied by Steve McCrohon (Australia) (Score: 1)
by Jerry on Thursday, 12 October 2000 @ 09:10:02 EDT
(User Info | Send a Message)
I read with great interest Steve McCrohon''s documents about the evolution of the name over time. I''ve often heard that the McCrohan''s were somehow part of the larger O''Sullivan Mor clan, but I''m surpised at the following account:

The next offshoot from O’Sullivan Mor, according to Butler in his book – ‘Gleanings from Irish History’ published in 1925 –
was starteed by a son whose name was MacCarious. The later became anglicised to MacGrath, MacCraith, MacCreehan
and MacCrohon which eventually the name MacCrohan was derived.

This is at odds with what I had understood, namely that McCrohan is the anglicisation of the Irish MacCriomhthainn.. a name which can be traced back many centuries.

Anyone have any insight into this?

Jerry




Re: A History of McCrohan (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Tuesday, 20 November 2001 @ 02:47:32 EST
my grandmother was Margaret McCrohan Ahern and I don't have much information of her relatives except her parents, John McCrohan and Margaret O'Connell who came from Killurly, Cahirciveen in the early 1900's. they moved to New York City in the teens. John McCrohan's parents last names were McCrohan and Walsh. Do you have any idea if I may be related to you? email me at aquaoceans@hotmail.com




Re: A History of McCrohan (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Tuesday, 20 November 2001 @ 02:47:53 EST
my grandmother was Margaret McCrohan Ahern and I don't have much information of her relatives except her parents, John McCrohan and Margaret O'Connell who came from Killurly, Cahirciveen in the early 1900's. they moved to New York City in the teens. John McCrohan's parents last names were McCrohan and Walsh. Do you have any idea if I may be related to you? email me at gemstar@sailorjupiter.com



  

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